Today, a thought experiment. Suppose there is a superhero whose superpower is the ability to heal. SuperHealerMan can give any patient complete, perfect health. The catch is that SuperHealerMan can heal only one person every 24 hours.
He must decide how to use his superpower. Who should he heal? Is there any way to decide that one person deserves to be healed more than another? Is there any way to value one life over another? I would say no, but that does not solve SuperHealerMan’s problem. He can only heal 365 people per year and that is if he does not take any days off.
He could heal based on who pays the highest fee. He would soon be the world’s richest man. But let’s say he eschews the monetary option. Maybe he should only choose people who have children. Or maybe he should only choose people who have not yet had children. Or maybe he should choose only children.